The flight — which stopped in Newfoundland and Moscow before reaching Armenia — lasted 20 hours. The Armenian Missionary Association of America (AMAA), which had been established in 1918 to provide care and support in numerous other countries for children left orphans by the Genocide, began the Earthquake Orphan Fund and provided care for the first time to children in Armenia. Baxter would donate more than a million dollars’ worth of modern dialysis equipment — as well as the doctors and technicians to operate them — that was desperately needed in Armenia. ⭕ SUSCRÍBETE https://goo.gl/mzjjfq ⭕ Activa la campanita Tomas de archivo de Armenia después del Terremoto del eje cafetero, panorámica desde la … For Armenia, a country of about 3 million people, the casualty level made the earthquake one of the most devastating national disasters in modern times. Anna Bulgarian, a 14-year-old who had been pulled from a collapsed building, was one of the first to receive treatment from Dr. Collins. In addition, she is co-founder with Elizabeth Agbabian of AMAA’s Orphan and Child Care Committee commissioned by the Association. “He told us that it’s a quake and that we should run,” Demoyan wrote. Phone and power lines have also been brought down. Not enough sleep this weekend- The grade nines didn't really rag me but said they saw me at the bullfight with my girlfriend yesterday. In a cable to them, Johnson stressed they should memorize the name and telephone number of Dr. Yevegny Chazov, the top Health Minister in the Kremlin, in case they ran into any trouble. The 1999 Armenia, Colombia earthquake occurred on 25 January at 13:19 with an epicenter 25 miles (40 km) west south west of Ibagué, Colombia. All Rights Reserved. The release of energy spread with high velocity through Armenia and Pereira. However, Kennedy spoke of his commitment to the relief effort a few weeks later when the Soviet Union placed a sudden halt on all relief shipments to Yerevan. “I’ve been around government operations before, but I’d never seen anything like this,” recalled David Walker, a Baxter engineer who helped retrofit the new dialysis machines to make certain they would work once they arrived in Yerevan. There will be a second plane, and a third plane, and a fourth plane. “That race was the race between life and death. The earthquake struck at nineteen minutes past one o'clock on January 25, lasted seconds, and left behind utter devastation. He shared in three Pulitzer Prizes as a member and editor of the Spotlight Team. “Baxter was one of the first to arrive. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. This year the Government of Armenia is planning to hold a national drill on December 7, 2016 as a day of remembrance of the great 1988 earthquake and as a day of disaster preparedness. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days MASAKATSU MIYAJIMA Kanazawa University 2-40-20, Kodatsuno, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8867, Japan An earthquake of magnitude 6.2 (Mb) occurred in west-central part of Colombia on January 25, 1999. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. When a person is trapped under concrete or debris, their blood supply will continue to flow to their brain but not their kidneys and lower extremities. He estimated that approximately 1,500 people, who had been rescued from collapsed buildings in Spitak and Leninakan (now Gyumri) and rushed to Yerevan for emergency dialysis treatment, died at the hospitals because of the lack of adequate dialysis equipment in operation at the time of the earthquake. The sounds coming from outside were frightening and impossible to forget.”. Thousands have been left homeless. “I consider what we did here perhaps the best thing I ever accomplished in my business career,” said Loucks, now 83. “And the real reason I did it was because of the sense of urgency in John’s voice.”. It flattened more than half the city of 250,000 people, reducing entire … The earthquake, which occurred on the northernmost strand of the 1. What we do. The shock heavily affected the city of Armenia, Colombia in the Quindío department, and about 18 other towns and 28 additional villages in the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis region departments, and to a lesser degree, the cities of Pereira and Manizales. 1999: Colombia quake leaves hundreds dead, 1999: Olympic officials face bribery charges, 1981: Dissident Labour MPs plan new party, 1990: Children killed in devastating storm. Anahit Harutyunyan was only 5, living with her parents and sister. “The 1989 Armenian earthquake needed only four minutes to flatten the nation and kill thirty thousand people. That solidified it for Simourian — Kennedy was his only hope. Quantification of damage associated to the 1999 Armenia earthquake in Colombia made possible to evaluate the validity and reliability of IE-RISS system in determining earthquake risk potential. Reports said Friday’s quake was also felt on the Greek island of Crete. Michele Simourian recalled recently that with tears flowing down her eyes she looked at her husband, and said, “John, we’ve got to do something.” Then she reminded him of his friendship with Vernon Loucks, his Ivy League football foe. So, realizing that time was of extreme essence that numerous lives of victims who had been rescued from collapsed buildings hung in the balance, Armenians everywhere began to rally. Copyright © 2017 — The Armenian Mirror-Spectator. The three Baxter engineers went to work immediately outfitting their dialysis machines to the water treatment resources that existed at the two hospitals. Only a trickling few in the Diaspora had given much time or money to a Homeland still caught in the Soviet grip but the emergency presented by the earthquake was something different. Earthquake in Armenia, Colombia, January 25, 1999. 1999 Earthquake Photos. The focus was located in the municipality of Cordoba, 20 kilometres from Armenia, and had a depth of two to three thousand metres. But, according to Dr. Sevak Avagyan, then a deputy within the Armenian Ministry of Health, it was the Baxter shipment of dialysis equipment that convinced the Soviet officials that they needed to accept humanitarian assistance from foreign countries. The epicenter was located 17 km south of Armenia. She was in a deep sleep when hooked up to the dialysis equipment but within two hours, her eyes opened, and she perked up enough to wave to Lundeen. But by that time the Baxter dialysis machines had already arrived in Yerevan and had been installed and were being used to treat needy victims. On December 7, 1988, an earthquake shattered the north of Soviet Armenia. In the early morning hours of December 18, 1988, a little more than 10 days after the earthquake had struck Armenia, the Russian Aeroflot plane landed at Andrews Air Force Base, was quickly loaded with the 80,000 pounds of dialysis equipment and took off. But soon organizations began to be established to address more deep-seated needs in the country, including the Armenian Children’s Milk Fund, the Fund for Armenian Relief, the Armenian Health Alliance, Kirk Kerkorian’s The Lincy Foundation and, in 1994, Carolyn Mugar’s Armenia Tree Project. The regional capitals of Armenia and Pereira were the worst hit. Tuesday 26 th January 1999. This means that there is more than a 20% chance of potentially-damaging earthquake shaking in your project area in the next 50 years. The earthquake reached such a force and brought such immediate destruction that many residents believed for a long time that it was not a natural disaster but an underground nuclear explosion that had struck. Many of the buildings which collapsed were old and poorly constructed, or had been built on poor soil such as old landfill sites or steep slopes. From his office as president of his family-owned transportation company, he called the chief of one of the country’s largest manufacturers of dialysis equipment, a man whom Simourian had competed against while quarterbacking Harvard’s football team and told him of the crisis. An Armenian man who was found digging with his fingers and hands was told by a doctor that if he continued to dig that way, he risked amputation. Introduction [2] On 25 January 1999 a M w = 6.2 earthquake struck the coffee‐growing region of western Colombia. Because he had participated in negotiations between the US and the Soviet Union to reduce their nuclear arsenals, Johnson told Simourian he had contacts in Russia whom they could draw on. Ä°zmit earthquake of 1999, devastating earthquake that struck near the city of Ä°zmit in northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999. On Monday, January 25, 1999, an ML = 6.2 earthquake occurred in Quindío. Loading the Baxter equipment at Andrews Air Force Base, “The only way to save those rescued from collapsed buildings was to get them on dialysis but our equipment was outdated and totally unable to meet the overwhelming demand,” said Avagyan, who is now Executive Director of the Armenian Bone Marrow Donor Registry in Yerevan. Most of the newer buildings, built since the new standards were introduced in 1984, survived intact. They were walking over bodies.”, Even though hundreds of relief workers rushed to the scene to assist in the recovery effort, the lack of power tools and heavy equipment hampered their efforts. Khanjian was so moved by the account, he asked Simourian to allow him to make it public. “Those who were at the factory or office, ran home. Armenia is carrying out disaster preparedness drills in separate cities starting from 1999. 1999-12-03 17:06:54 UTC 5.7 magnitude, 19 km depth Sarıkamış, Kars, Turkey 5.7 magnitude earthquake 1999-12-03 17:06:54 UTC at 17:06 December 03, 1999 UTC If the idea for the relief mission began with Michele urging her husband to re-connect with his Ivy League football foe, Loucks credited one of Baxter’s vice presidents, Warren D. (Don) Johnson, with immediately implementing the idea and getting the equipment and engineers ready for flight to Armenia. Colombia - Earthquake Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year 1999 Format Situation Report Source. But Loucks knew that the 20 machines and related equipment needed to get to Armenia immediately or they would do little good to bring medical relief to the earthquake victims. This earthquake has caused more damage than any other seismic event in Colombia this century. The earthquake devastated cities and villages across western Colombia, a vast Andean terrain where much of the world's coffee is grown. The president had to send in troops to restore order. Other major earthquakes were the 1875 Cúcuta earthquake with around 10,000 deaths and the 1999 Armenia earthquake with an intensity of X. Rescue teams are sifting through the rubble in Athens after Tuesday's earthquake that claimed at least 30 lives and left nearly 100 missing. Johnson was accustomed to emergency missions. Geo-seismic engineer Zygmunt Lubkowski said: "If we ensure building and bridges are constructed properly, we can prevent the sort of loss of life which has been observed in Colombia.". The city was virtually destroyed in the quake, and a third of its 15,000 residents killed. And what does Loucks remember about Simourian’s play? Background: On January 25, 1999 at 1:19 p.m. EST, the epicenter of an earthquake measuring 6.0 on the Richter Scale struck central Colombia. Hayk Demoyan. Less than a minute. There were widespread reports of looting in the city of Armenia after the earthquake. The deepest registered earthquake happened in the department of Amazonas in 1970 at an estimated depth of almost 645 kilometres (2,116,000 ft). According to the book, Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, the man answered: “What do my hands matter, everything I cherish is under there – my son, my daughter, my wife and my mother.”, For those fortunate enough to be pulled from the rubble, kidney failure was an immediate concern. The earthquake occurred at 1 19 pm on Monday, 25 January 1999, and had an intensity of 6.2 points on the Richter scale. 28 years ago, one of the worst disasters in the history of Armenia struck northwest of the country. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). Accueil > L'Encyclopédie canadienne > Géologie > Tremblement de terre Pour imprimer. They opened the door.”. A retired lieutenant general in the US Marine Corps, Johnson had been a fighter pilot during World War II and risen to become chief of staff of the US Strategic Air Command in Omaha and then director of the US Defense Nuclear Agency which was responsible for maintaining the country’s atomic bombs and nuclear testing programs. Simourian’s next phone call was to the most important person he knew in Washington — US Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, an influential member of the Senate Armed Services Committee who had been an end on the Harvard University varsity football team that Simourian played for during the 1950s. Even though a Russian military base was located there, it lacked the heavy equipment and cranes needed to move the rubble to search for possible survivors. Armenia is a small country about the size of Maryland that borders Turkey to the west, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and Georgia to the north. El 25 de enero de 1999, a la 1:19 p.m., se vivió una de sus peores tragedias en Colombia. He had gone off to school with his brother that Wednesday morning with the warning of his mother echoing in his ears that she had had a nightmare and that the two boys should be extra careful at school that day. On arriving home, he found that all members of his immediate family — his parents, brother and sister — had survived. But a closer look of what followed it, particularly the collapse of Communism and the closer ties between those in the diaspora and the homeland, is also a tribute to the distinctly Armenian characteristic of not only surviving national tragedy but becoming stronger from it. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia On 17 August 1999, an earthquake in northwestern Turkey killed around 17,000 people and left more than 250,000 people homeless. According to Dr. James Tattersall, a British doctor who was one of the first medical personnel to rush to Armenia on hearing of the earthquake — arriving in Yerevan only days later — the need for the new kidney dialysis machines was urgent. Home office setup: 5 ways to create a space for WFH; Oct. 1, 2020. But echoing what Loucks had told him, Simourian recalled Johnson telling him that they needed someone in Washington who could facilitate getting the Baxter equipment transported from the United States to Yerevan. Spitak (Armenian: Սպիտակ), is a town and urban municipal community in the northern Lori Province of Armenia.It is 96 km (60 mi) north of the capital, Yerevan, and 22 km (14 mi) west of the provincial centre, Vanadzor.Spitak was entirely destroyed during the devastating 1988 earthquake, and it was rebuilt in a slightly different location. When he arrived, he saw that the building had been leveled. The relief effort, which depended on a secret agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union to succeed, was spurred by an entreaty to Simourian by his wife, Michele, that “we’ve got to do something” hours after learning of the disaster. 28 years ago, one of the worst disasters in the history of Armenia struck northwest of the country. Block after block of eight- to ten-story buildings, built during the Soviet regime with inadequate concrete and steel reinforcements, lay in rubble. Blog. The most affected cities were Armenia and Pereira, where extensive damage occurred. Together with another member of the Operational Committee, we pick a team of ten. 6.2 Richter scale. How did it get there — by an extraordinary concession to America’s fiercest Cold War adversary. When asked recently about their strongest memory of the other, Simourian and Loucks both remembered the fierce competition each showed during the three varsity football games they played against one another between 1954-1956 — Yale winning two and Harvard one of The Games. Armenia, Colombia - Pereira, Colombia - Colombian coffee growing axis - List of earthquakes in 1999 - Manizales - List of earthquakes in Colombia - Epicenter - Ibagué - Quindío Department - South American Plate - Earthquake engineering - University of Quindío - Triage - Bogotá - Medellín - Cali - Andrés Pastrana Arango - Coffee production in Colombia - Peak ground acceleration - 1999 … The relief effort is slow and chaotic. “I knew we had done something that none of us would ever forget,” Loucks said, “and I wanted to thank John and Michele as representatives of the Armenian people for letting us serve them.”. Several years before, Chazov had joined with the renowned Boston-based cardiologist Dr. Bernard Lown to establish the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, and the group was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. But overall, three decades later, it is inspiring to consider the extraordinary rest of the Soviet Empire – since the earthquake. Home office setup: 5 ways to create a space for WFH; Oct. 1, 2020. There were widespread reports of looting in the city of Armenia after the earthquake. UNHCR Global Appeal 1999 - Armenia. Moments after that deadly tremor ceased, a father raced to an elementary school to save his son. The 1999 Armenia, Colombia earthquake occurred on 25 January at 13:19 with an epicenter 25 miles (40 km) west south west of Ibagué, Colombia. Former head of the Armenian Genocide Museum in Yerevan, Hayk Demoyan was a 15-year-old school boy living with his family in Leninakan at the time. The American people are resolute, and we are going to continue our efforts for Armenia.”. I was phoned on the evening of the 26 th Jan and told about an Earthquake in Colombia. Apparently through Kennedy’s intercession, the Pentagon cleared a Soviet military transport plane to land at Andrews Air Force Base in suburban Maryland, the same airfield used by the President’s Air Force One, and take off from there to Yerevan. The Colombian authorities have imposed a dawn-till-dusk curfew to allow the rescuers to work unhampered. Aftershocks were felt as far afield as the capital, Bogota. I was contacted by the AMAA and asked to connect with Simourian. It is evident Johnson too didn’t know what the Baxter engineers and Dr. Collins, the kidney specialist from Minnesota, should expect once they landed in Moscow, the last leg of their flight before reaching Yerevan. Born in France, Michele met John after coming to Boston and later Simmons College. Blog. Video on social media showed people searching through the rubble of collapsed buildings but the footage could not be verified. While basic emergency supplies such as food, clothes, blankets and children’s goods were foremost on the minds of countless people, a fundraising campaign was outlined among those who met at the Najarians’ home. On 7 December 1988 an earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000 and left hundreds of thousands homeless. In Armenia, about 10 miles (17km) south of the epicentre, even single-storey homes were destroyed by the quake. By Funding and Donor Relations Service | 01 December 1998 Basic Facts . Oct. 2, 2020. “Everyone was watching the chandelier, not with the expectation of light but to see if it moved,” she wrote in an article published in Mediamax.am in Armenia last year. Public outrage by Armenians toward the shoddy construction of high-rise buildings that had collapsed in the tremors was followed by disgust over the slow and chaotic rescue efforts. The earthquake was one of the most devastating events to have occurred in Colombia in recent history, with an estimated 1900 casualties. The earthquake was one of the most devastating events to have occurred in Colombia in recent history, with an estimated 1900 casualties. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Colombia 1999: A man searches for a relative at Armenia's temporary morgue in Quindio University' sports hall - A4AYDC from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. The epicenter was approximately 16km south of Armenia. Siranush Ghazanchyan Send an email October 30, 2020, 16:45. Despite his legendary athletic record and successful business career, Simourian says the most important decision he made in his life was to court and marry Michele, now his wife of 56 years. Armenia, the … For certain, the massive humanitarian relief effort did not take care of all of the damage done by the earthquake. The two Armenian cities closest to the epicenter, Spitak and Leninakan, suffered between 25,000 to 50,000 deaths, and up to 130,000 people were injured. More than 15,000 of its residents were killed and 75 percent of the city said to be destroyed. The most affected cities were Armenia and Pereira, where extensive damage occurred. The epicenter was located 17 km south of Armenia. The situation on the ground in Yerevan was near-desperate. [2] On 25 January 1999 a M w = 6.2 earthquake struck the coffee‐growing region of western Colombia. Having seen television images of the devastation, Vernon R. Loucks, Jr., chairman of Baxter International and former end for Yale’s varsity football team, was only too willing to help with a massive relief effort. It referred to reports last week that 17 people had been found alive 25 days after the disaster in the town of Spitak, which was flattened by the Dec. 7 earthquake. In recent years, Kurkjian authored the non-fiction book MASTER THIEVES, which is regarded as the most authoritative account of the historic and still-unsolved theft of masterpieces from Boston’s Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. The 1785 Viceroyalty of New Granada earthquake sparked the birth of journalism in Colombia, initiated by … John Simourian playing football at Harvard. By the end of December, the Baxter dialysis machines had been joined by other pieces arriving from West Germany and England and together they were able to meet the critical demand that the earthquake had brought — the doctors were able to provide life-saving kidney dialysis treatment to 400 patients. Loucks asked Simourian if he knew anyone in Washington, DC who could cut through the red tape and expedite the transport of the equipment from the United States to Yerevan. The answer was yes. Asia, Armenia, Gyumri, 06.03.2011: Gyumri (former Leninakan) suffered from the earthquake december 7, 1988. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. He wasn’t the biggest guy on their team, but he was the most versatile,” Loucks recalled. The late Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, Kennedy’s official papers cataloguing his work in the Senate have yet to be made public so documenting the actual steps he might have taken to facilitate the Baxter shipment from the United States to Armenia was impossible. It took more than a week for an organized relief effort to mobilize, and in the interim many survivors slept outside in the December cold. At a press conference at Boston’s Logan Airport where several planes filled with emergency goods had been delayed from taking off, Kennedy said: “It will not only be physical things on that flight but, more deeply, it will be prayers and a sense of loss. Mon 25 Jan 1999 23.36 EST "These are partial figures from our people in the area," said Henry Casas, head of the National Solidarity Network, indicating that … Tremblement de terre à Armenia, en Colombie, le 25 janvier 1999. But so many distant relatives had not, including his two cousins who were trapped beneath a building and spoke to rescuers for two days, before they died. Survivors of collapsed buildings invariably suffer shock, which can lead to fatal kidney damage unless treated with dialysis quickly. Now a reporter in Gyumri, she remembered being at her grandmother’s home soon after the earthquake struck. Within a year, the Berlin Wall was falling, and Gorbachev was telling all Soviet republics they were free to declare their independence and Armenia was the first to do so, by popular vote in 1990. The quake measured six on the Richter scale, one of the most severe to hit the country this century. With its epicenter about 55 miles north of Yerevan, the earthquake began at 11:41 in the morning of December 7. On Monday, January 25, 1999, an ML = 6.2 earthquake occurred in Quindío. Later that spring, Loucks summoned all of those Baxter employees who had participated in the relief effort to an appreciation dinner at the company’s headquarters in Illinois, and he asked John and Michele Simourian to attend. How to use Google Classroom: Tips and tricks for teachers; Sept. 30, 2020 One of them was at the Lincoln, Mass. Ultimately, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who cut short a visit to the United States to rush to the earthquake-stricken region, would give official authorization for Armenia to accept humanitarian aid from the United States and the rest of the world. PARAMUS, N.J. — John A. 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