This journal covers both language policy and educational policy. The language in the country is explicitly a political issue. Urdu is the national language and English the official one (Census, 2001). influences in the system by type (e.g., foreign aid, policy borrowing), and by actor (e.g., the World Bank, USAID, British Council). Recommendations regarding the development of policy for language in education in Pakistan have been formulated. These decisions influence the right to use and maintain languages, affect language status, and determine which languages are nurtured. However, Language policy refers to the more general linguistic, political and social goals underlying the actual language planning process. The findings suggest that Pakistan’s HE sector is affected by external policy influences in a multitude of ways, and that endogenous and exogenous actors do not always see eye-to-eye, resulting in a mismatch of policy prescriptions at times. Language-in-education policy development in Tanzania: An overview. 5. First Education Conference was convened in 1947 in the supervision of Quaid-e-Azam. (2012). 7. In all cases the policy targets English as a MoI and lan-guage of examination. Language policy and planning decisions have a major impact on language vitality and, … 5 Table 1: Summary of search methodology Domain of search The effectiveness of approaches/methods in second language … Language Policy, Official Language, Indian Constitution, Regional Languages, Three Language Formula, Scientific Tamil, National Education Policy, Equitable System of Education I. Language policy in India. The use of English favours the Westernized elite . Limited Fields Offered: In Pakistan, there are few subjects which are considered as a field and these fields are imposed on students like Medical and Engineering. These departments generally relate to the regions in which the respective universities are located. Govt. We have also drawn on our combined experiences of over 40 years of language teaching, teacher training, and researching language teaching and learning. The evolution of Rwanda’s language policies since 1996 has played and continues to play a critical role in social reconstruction following war and genocide. It provides the following guidelines on language policy: Pakistan Study Centres Almost all general universities have well-established language depart-ments in one or more Pakistani languages. Apart from the ethnic aspect of language, there is also the problem of administration, education, higher commerce, media – in short, the domains of p ower in the state and the civil society. Language and Culture Lecture. integration and the formulation and implementation of an effective language policy. including key monographs in language teaching and acquisition and policy papers and reports from the Welsh Government. Language Policy Language policy is sometimes used as a synonym to a language planning. This is done first by historically reviewing the English language education policies since Pakistan's independence in 1947, looking particularly at policy objectives, implementation strategies and outcomes, and the rationale for policy change. Noting the pathetic conditions of higher learning in Pakistan, the policy pointed out that only 2% of our relevant age group was enrolled in universities and institutions of higher learning. Whitley’s (1993) claim that language policy decisions are taken on ‘political grounds and always follow certain ideologies. Individual identifies himself or herself with a particular social, political or economic interest group using language as a tool. When we talk about the language policy of India, the first thing to be mentioned is the difference between the national language and the official language of a country. Abstract This paper examines the present language policy of Pakistan and its consequences for the indigenous languages of the country. Language was the major factor that contributed and intensified the feeling of mistrust between the two wings. Download as PDF. J.A. PAKI STAN STUDIES SHORT ANSWERS. Set alert. of Pakistan needs to address this issue with a policy to unite all of them and make them sure to follow one best and updated syllabus. 4. This has resulted in the expression of ethnic identity through languages other than Urdu. Language Policy: Linguistic Perspectives. Decisions around language policy and planning are made around the globe every day, both formally by governments and informally by scholars and community leaders. However, the languages of the domains of power—government, corporate sector, media, education, etc.— are English and Urdu. DIFFERENT EDUCATION POLICIES OF PAKISTAN Presented By Aliza Zaina 2. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. Rwanda’s new English language policy aims to drop French and install English as the only language of instruction. KEY WORDS: Language Controversy, Urdu, Hindu, Bengali, Punjabi, Elite, Military, Martial Law . The state’s policies have favored these two languages at the expense of others. The current paper studies the latest language policy of Pakistan and its The paper is an effort to shed light on how language issue contributed in determining the fate of a nation with special reference to the creation of Bangladesh. The impact of language policy and practice on children’s learning argues that improved evidence, networking, south-to-south learning and advocacy are going to be crucial to create a focus on mother-tongue education environments. The role of language policies in developing plurilingual competence of Kazakhstani people will be central to this paper. Language Policy contributes to the growth of the field by publishing high-quality studies that help build a sound theoretical understanding of the subject area. About this page. Educational policy makers in Pakistan couldn't determine proper role of any language in education. It presents papers that deal with the widest range of cases, situations and regions. Five languages have more than 10 million speakers each in Pakistan – Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki and Urdu.Almost all of Pakistan's languages belong to the Indo-Iranian group of the Indo-European language family.. Pakistan's national language is Urdu.It is also proposed to be the co-official languages along with English. Many scholars debate the role and efficacy of language policies. Historically language policy in Pakistan remained suppressive for regional and minority languages. Language Matters: Vol. Additionally, the Government provides funds to a large number of learned bodies for the development of Pakistani languages. This diversity has caused chronic regional tensions and successive failures in forming a constitution. Pakistan is known to have over twenty languages and over 300 distinct dialects, Urdu and English are the official languages but Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtu, Baluchi and Seraiki are considered main languages. Language policy consists of the authoritative allocation of resources to language and pertains either to the status or the corpus of the language for which policy is designed. Language Policy and Localization in Pakistan: Proposal for a Paradigmatic Shift Tariq Rahman. It is done by the government officially through legislations and policies. The high status of English language from the inception of Pakistan may be viewed by the inaugural speech of Muhammed Ali Jinnah, the founder of the nation who was the first governor general of Pakistan and delivered his speech in English to the first constituent assembly on the occasion of Pakistanâ€™s independence (Mahboob, 2009). We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Formulating a language policy in such a multilingual country is a daunting task. Language, as a means of communication, has been studied from different perspectives for centuries. 184-201. Different Education Policies of Pakistan 1. Language policies in Pakistan have seen various shifts due to certain political agenda. This resulted often It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social dimensions of Pakistani society. Such as: what Algeria did lately, promoting Tamazight as the second official language in the constitution, after it was only a national language. In short, by the time Pakistan gained independence, … Fishman, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. 43, Language politics in Africa, pp. in Pakistan by using language as a marker of group identity. areas, the language policy, recommends English throughout the primary cycle due to the multiplicity of languages in those areas. Pakistan is home to many dozens of languages spoken as first languages. Here too language is s sensitive issue in Pakistan. and Pakistan. The 1973 constitution of the country, which was suspended in part both during the military rule of Generals Zia ul Haq (1977 –1988) and Pervez Musharraf (1999‐), is again in force. The report provides a critical evidence base for responding to the changing development context. This paper aims to critically examine the trends, issues and challenges in policy and practice of English language education in Pakistan. First Educational Conference (1947) The first National Education Conference was held at Karachi from November 27th to December 1st, 1947. The perceptions support the view that in Pakistan, English is required for socio- economic development and higher education and symbolises liberal values. • Language Policy: A language policy is designed to favour or discourage the use of particular language or set of languages. Prepared & Compiled by M. Haris Basim (www.harisbasim.tk) 4 85-88 01 Urdu Language 85 02 Sindhi Language 86 03 Punjabi Language 86 04 Balochi Language 87 05 Pushto Language 87 06 Kashmiri Language 88 DESCRIPTIVE ANSWERS 89-93 01 Urdu Language 89 02 Regional Languages of Pakistan 91 07: ECONOMIC PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT Language plays an important role in the formation of class consciousness and belonging. 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